Flap surgery is a technique in plastic and reconstructive surgery where any type of tissue is lifted from a donor site and moved to a recipient site with an intact blood supply. This is similar to but different from a graft, which does not have an intact blood supply and therefore relies on growth of new blood vessels. This is done to fill a defect such as a wound resulting from injury or surgery when the remaining tissue is unable to support a graft, or to rebuild more complex anatomic structur
Re-implantation refers to the surgical reattachment of a body part (such as a finger, hand, or toe) that has been completely cut from the body. The goal of re-implantation surgery is to reattach and restore function to as much of the injured part as possible.
Sometimes, re-implantation of a lost body part is not possible because the part is too damaged. If the lost part cannot be reattached, a patient may have to use a prosthesis, a device that substitutes for a missing part of the body. In some cases, a prosthesis may give a person without hands or arms the ability to function.
The absence of one or more digits of the hand is a rare developmental abnormality. These unfortunate children face many problems especially when the missing digit is thumb. Along with missing digits there can be associated abnormalities in the involved hand or rarely in other parts of body. Another much more common cause of loss of fingers is accidental amputations from injuries. These injuries range from industrial accidents to road traffic accidents.